Are Space Science and Astronomy the Same?
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1. Space Sciences: An Umbrella Term:
- Explanation that "space sciences" is an umbrella term encompassing various fields related to space.
- Comparison with the broader term "science," which includes multiple branches like chemistry, physics, and biology.
2. Astronomy: The Study of Celestial Objects:
- Description of astronomy as one of the oldest sciences, focused on studying celestial objects, including stars and celestial bodies.
3. Astrophysics: Applying Physics to Space:
- Introduction to astrophysics as a 19th-century field combining astronomy and physics to understand the properties and processes of celestial objects.
4. Cosmology: Studying the Universe as a Whole:
- Explanation of cosmology as the scientific study of the universe, examining its origins, evolution, and large-scale properties.
- Distinction between scientific cosmology and religious cosmology.
5. Planetary Science and Astrobiology:
- Overview of planetary science, a newer field focused on studying planets, their processes, geology, and atmospheres.
- Introduction to astrobiology, which explores the conditions for life's existence on other planets and the origins of life on Earth.